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The Science & Technology

of Underwater Discovery - Educator Resources


Science and Technology of Underwater Discovery

Lake Champlain has a rich legacy of archeological treasures.  More than 300 shipwrecks have been identified and many have been the subject of extensive research (read about some of Lake Champlain's shipwrecks).  That research involves the application of concepts and skills from all scientific disciplines.  Physics, chemistry, geology, and biology are all employed in the practice of nautical archeology.  The goals of this program are to help students understand how the core science principles learned in the classroom can be applied to solve practical problems working in an exciting and dynamic research environment.

The program is organized around five instructional modules.  Each module addresses an aspect of the work of nautical archeology.  Each module also emphasizes different core concepts from the scientific disciplines.  Teachers may tailor their museum experience by choosing those modules that best reinforce their own classroom instruction.  Modules may be presented individually or in combination over one or several days.  Instruction may take place at the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum’s main campus, or as an outreach program in your classroom.  The program is designed to give students the opportunity to apply their knowledge and problem solving skills to the challenges of underwater discovery.

Teachers can select the lesson plans that best address their instructional goals. We also hope that teachers will make modifications or additions that will enable their students to engage more effectively with the material.

Archaeological Documentation & Conservation


Corrosion Experiment


Measuring the Density of Liquids

Measuring the Density of Solids

Measuring Mass

Drawing to Scale I

Drawing to Scale II

Reference Grid

Volume of Irregular Solids

Volume of Liquids, Gases, and Granular Solids

Volume of Regular Solids


Underwater Environment

Convection Currents

Cartesian Diver

Native - Alien - Invasive (also part of our On-Water Ecology unit)

Invasive Species (also part of our On-Water Ecology unit)

Invasive Species Mitigation (also part of our On-Water Ecology unit)

Lake Age and Health

Light Penetration

Moving Water

Water Motion Lab

Water Quality Testing (also part of our On-Water Ecology unit)

Settling Jar (also part of On-Water Ecology unit)


Teachers, we invite you to submit your original lesson plans for publication here to share with colleagues elsewhere. Please contact the LCMM Education Department to participate.

This project was generously supported by the Lake Champlain Basin Program.