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Pennants – Stem to Stern Capstone

Grade Level: K-8

Standards: ELA/Literacy
K-2-ETS1-2: Develop a simple sketch, drawing or physical model to illustrate how the shape of an object helps it function as needed to solve a given problem; CCSS.ELA.LITERACY.RI.2.3: Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.

Content Area: history, art

Recommended Length/Duration: 40 - 60 minutes

Goals: students review the topics of the Stem to Stern program and create a pennant to be presented on the Lois McClure. The art on the pennants should somehow represent the overarching theme of Stem to Stern: the connection between water and land.


  1. Lead group through a discussion of Stem to Stern sequence (about 15 min for steps 1-4). What do you remember from previous programs? What was your favorite thing we did? Can you think of ways that the topics relate to each other? Can you tell a story of Lake Champlain? (trees, leaves, wood, mills, rivers, lakes, boats, canals, properties of wood, transportation…) Can you think of a way to represent these stories in a painting?
  2. Draw some images on the board during discussion, show some of the stencils.
  3. Explain that each student will decorate a pennant to represent Stem to Stern. Some of these pennants will then adorn Lois McClure during her voyages!
  4. Describe/demonstrate pennant shape: instruct to draw within penciled lines (pennants will be hemmed/sewed for durability), where is bottom/top, plan your picture with pencils before painting
  5. Give group at least half an hour to create their pennants.

Production of thoughtful and creative images on pennants. This activity can assess individual grasps of the Stem to Stern curriculum and demonstrates which themes and lessons stuck and which could use work. Goal for each group is some number of presentable pennants for use aboard schooner.