Make Your Own Boat
Grade Level: K-8
Standards: K-2-ETS1: Engineering Design p.23 NGSS vol.1
3-5-ETS1: Engineering Design p.53
ETS1.A, ETS1.B, ETS1.C
Content Area: math, science, art
Recommended Length/Duration: 45-60 minutes
Goals: students learn about different types of wooden boats and the parts of the boats and then build a selection of paper or cardboard models to understand the different historic functions. Physical boat models
(K-2-ETS1-2: Develop a simple sketch, drawing or physical model to illustrate how the shape of an object helps it function as needed to solve a given problem.; 3-5-ETS1-1: Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on material, time, or cost.: 3-5-ETS1-2: Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.)
- Discuss how wooden boats have changed over time, the different parts of different types of boats, and how these features allow boats to sail and float. Have the students fill out the boat parts diagram (attached)
- Give each student one or multiple paper boat models. They can decorate them however they please, including sails, names, etc.
Provide a new boats part sheet and have them fill it in from memory.
Discussion Questions: What are the different parts of the boat on your boat (boats)? Which boats did you choose to make? What, historically, were those types for? What cultures used them? If you could completely design your own new types of boat, what would you include?
- Boat Construction Sheets (PDF)
boat model sheets should be printed on cardstock, or on regular paper and traced on cardboard
- cardstock or cardboard
- markers, crayons
- glue, Scotch tape
- construction paper
- skewers or popsicle sticks
- Historic Boats
- Provide examples of historic boats and have the students copy these boats. Have them research the boats of their replica boats and present on their research.
- Float Test
- Use duct tape to water proof the boat bottoms and place them in a tub of water to if and how they float. Discuss what did or did not allow them to work. Compare cardstock boats and cardboard boats.