November 17, 2006
Educators' Newsletter
In this issue


Philadelphia Kit

Learn the story of the gunboat Philadelphia and the defense of Lake Champlain in 1776 through this collection of materials and activities. The kit includes books, a video, building plans, rigging plans, and hands-on opportunities for traditional skills suc as knot tying, caulking, rigging, and rope work.
$20 for a two-week loan. Delivery not included. Call (802) 475-2022



You pay the mileage
and we'll cover your school's first program,
a $250 value!

We've once again gained the generous support of our community, including Lyndon Bank, Neat Repeats, the Leo Cox Beach Foundation, and the George W. Mergens Foundation. We are offering free and subsidized programs throughout the winter. We understand the limitations of transportation; have one of our educators come to you!

Out reach Programs are available on many topics:
  • the American Revolution,
  • the 19th Century and Commercial Era,
  • Nautical Archaeology,
  • Young Mariners (preK - 3)

    These programs are offered on a first-come, first- served basis: Call now! (802) 475-2022.


    Young British Midshipman Saves the SchoonerCarleton during the Battle of Valcour Island, 1776

    Edward Pellew is a name most notably associated with the fictional Horatio Hornblower book series, written by C.S. Forester, now also a televesion series. However, Pellew had a long naval career in the British navy, serving on Lake Champlain during the American Revolution.

    On the eve of the Battle of Valcour Island, the Revolutionary War naval battle fought on Lake Champlain in October of 1776, the fledgling American fleet, commanded by General Benedict Arnold, awaited the British in the lee of Valcour Island, near Plattsburgh, NY. On October 11th at 11am, the British approached; the British schooner Carleton, commanded by Lieutenant Dacres, fired on the American fleet. During the first rebel broadside, Dacres was severely wounded and was assisted to his cabin. The first mate, midshipman Brown, was also wounded; his arm was later amputated. Command of Carleton fell to the young 19-year old midshipman Edward Pellew.

    Carleton was being pummeled by the Americans. Half of the crew was wounded and she was taking on water. The British flagship Lady Maria signaled Carleton to move out of range, but a fouled jib (a type of sail) prevented the ship from turning. In an effort described by his commanding officer as "gallantry," Pellew climbed the rigging and freed the jib, at great risk to himself. He then passed a line to Isis and Blonde, so Carleton could be towed out of the engagement.

    The Americans wound up escaping with some of their vessels, only to be caught two days later at Ferris Bay (now called Arnold's Bay). The Americans ran their vessels aground and set them ablaze, escaping overland to Fort Ticonderoga.

    Edward Pellew, meanwhile, was given official command of the Carleton, and was commissioned a Lieutenant. The following summer, Pellew was present at the Battle of Saratoga, along with a small party of seamen. Pellew's youngest brother John was killed, and Edward was taken prisoner. After the surrender of General Burgoyne at Saratoga, he returned to England.

    After the American Revolution, Pellew went on to serve aboard several other vessels in England, Scotland, and Newfoundland. When was broke out again with France, he was given command of the Nymphe, and then the HMS Indefatigable, the ship for which he is most widely known. He was later knighted.

    Related Outreaches: 18t h Century Man - Boatbuilder; Militiaman; Nothern Theater of a Revolution
    Dressed in period clothing from the 18th century, an LCMM educator will talk about the role of the boatman, militiaman, or the historical context of the American Revolution in the Champlain Valley. Call to book your outreach! (802) 475-2022.

    Phone: 802-475-2022